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Imprisoned Labour Activists in China


June 2014

 

Name

Chinese characters (main name)

Occupation

Sex

Residence province

Date of detention

Actual date release/Probable release

Sentence

Lin Dong

林东

Labour NGO worker

M

unknown

2014/4/22

21 May 2014

N/A

Zou Guanghua

邹光华

Taxi driver

M

Sichuan

2013/3/29

N/A

N/A

Wen Zhonghua

温中华

Taxi driver

M

Sichuan

2013/3/29

N/A

N/A

Wang Tanggui

王堂贵

Taxi driver

F

Sichuan

2013/3/29

N/A

N/A

Wu Guijun

吴贵军

Furniture factory worker

M

Hunan

2013/5/23

N/A

N/A

Xing Shiku

邢世库

Former SOE worker

M

Helongjiang

2007/2/15

N/A

N/A

Chen Yong

陈勇

Worker

M

Hubei

1989/06/21

2009/06/20?

20 years

Jiang Cunde

蒋存德

Manual worker /machinery

M

Shanghai

1999/mm/dd

2024/08/01

20 years

Kong Youping

孔佑平

Former ACFTU Official

M

Liaoning

2003/12/13

2018/12/12

15 years

Li Benyu

李本玉

Laid-off factory worker

M

Chongqing

2011/10/14

2013/10/13

2 years

Li Jianfeng

李建峰

Judge

M

Fujian

2002/04/03

2015/02/02

14 years

Liu Jian

刘健

Machinery / Manufacturing

M

Hunan

1989/mm/dd

N/A

Life

Liu Jianjun

刘建军

Railway worker

M

Shanxi

2008/06/28

N/A

N/A

Wang Miaogen

王妙根

Manual worker

M

Shanghai

1999/05/dd

N/A

N/A

Wang Wenming

黃文明

Laid-off factory worker

M

Chongqing

2011/10/14

2013/10/13

2 years

Zhou Decai

周德才

Human rights defender

M

Henai

2012/02/28

2017/02/27

5 years

Zhou Yuanwu

周远武

Factory worker

M

Hubei

2012/10/31

2013/10/30

1 year

Zhu Fangming

朱芳鸣

Factory worker (Flour production)

M

Hunan

1989/06/11

N/A

Life

Meng Han

孟晗

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Ou Guanglong

欧光龙

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Ma Qing

马清

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

He Tao

何涛

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Hu Zhihui

胡智辉

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Gu Dalu

古达路

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Zhang Ke

张科

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Zhong Rujiao

钟儒蛟

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Li Bin

李斌

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Yang Yanguang

杨艳光

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Chen Tao

陈涛

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Zheng Jianfeng

郑剑锋

Hospital security guard

M

 

2013/8/20

N/A

 

Wu Guijun

吴贵军

Homeware factory worker

M

Hunan

2013/5/23

N/A

 

Xing Shiku

邢世库

Former SOE worker

M

Helongjiang

2007/2/15

N/A

 

Prisoner Detail

Name

Chinese characters (main name)

Short Summary

Chen Yong

陈勇

Chen Yong, a worker and resident of Tangshan City, Hebei Province. In June 1989. Chen allegedly attacked a security official during the 1989 pro-democracy movement. Authorities charged Chen with "counterrevolutionary assault,” a crime eliminated by the 1997 revision to the Criminal Law. The Beijing Intermediate People's Court sentenced Chen to life imprisonment, on 8 December 1989. His sentenced was reduced to 20 years imprisonment after an appeal. On 1 June 2009, Human Rights in China reported that, as of May 2009, Chen was imprisoned in Qincheng Prison in Beijing.

Jiang Cunde

蒋存德

Jiang Cunde, was a worker at the Dong Xin Tool Repair Works in Shanghai. He advocated imitating the model of Poland's independent trade unionism to topple the government in 1985-1986. In addition, He planned to establish a "China Human Rights Committee." In May 1987, Jiang and two others were convicted on charges of planning to hijack an airplane, and he was sentenced to life imprisonment for counterrevolution. In January 1993, Jiang was released from Tilanqiao Prison in Shanghai on medical parole. In 1999 he was rearrested for having allegedly "joined a reactionary organization, written reactionary articles and sent them to news agencies, and used the occasion of the US bombing of China's embassy in Belgrade in 1999 to stir up trouble." Jiang was returned to Tilanqiao Prison in June 1999 to continue serving his life sentence. In August 2004, his sentence was commuted to 20 years' imprisonment, and he is currently due for release in August 2024.

Kong Youping

孔佑平

A former official trade union official in Liaoning Province, Kong Youping was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment on 16 September 2004 by the Shenyang Intermediate People's Court. Kong's colleague and co-defendant at the September 2004 trial, Ning Xianhua (宁先华), was sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment. Kong, 54 years old, originally worked as a union chairman at a state-owned enterprise in Liaoning. He was dismissed by the factory and the union for supporting laid-off workers’ struggle sharp criticism on government corruption. In the late 1990s, a group of dissidents, including Kong Youping, were working to establish a branch of the China Democracy Party (CDP) in Liaoning. In 1999, Kong was detained and imprisoned for a year on charges of “incitement to subvert state power”. Prior to his recent arrest and trial, Kong was reportedly involved in planning the establishment of an independent union and had posted articles on the internet criticizing official corruption and calling for a reassessment of the Tiananmen Massacre.
Kong is due for release in 2018. 

Li Benyu

李本玉

The workers, numbering around several tens of thousands, have been petitioning the government about benefits after they were laid off from the state-owned Chongqing Grain Group (重庆粮食集团). RFA reported that eight of the workers representatives were held by the authorities on 14 October 2011. Later on, Wang Wenming and Li Benyu, were sentenced to a labour camp for two years.

Li Jianfeng

李建峰

Dui Hua Foundation reported that Li Jianfeng’s sentence was reduced by 21 months in late 2009 or 2010. He is expected to be freed on 2 February 2015.
Li was a judge from Fujian Ningde Municipal Intermediate People's Court, Fujian Province and former member of the Ningde City Intermediate People's Court. Li was detained on 3 April 2002. On 30 October 2003 he was sentenced to 16 years in prison by the Sanming Municipal Intermediate People's Court. Lin Shunan, Huang Xiangwei, Lin Shunhan, Zhan Gongzhen, Zheng Xiaohua, Lin Chan, and Lin Shuncheng were also sentenced in the case. Authorities accused these eight defendants, including Li Jianfeng, of planning to set up an illegal organization in late 2000 attempting to register the organization under the name "Labour and Employment Research Association". Li was also charged with unauthorized possession of arms.
Li was forced to do heavy labour more intensive than other prisoners while serving his sentence in jail. It was reported that Li was suffered from serious illness. The family also found that the prison has been giving expired drugs to Li and rejected passing the medicines and supplies sent by the families for Li.
Dui Hua stated that the other individuals sentenced with Li have all been released, most after receiving sentence reductions.
Also see cases of Huang Xiangwei and Lin Shunan.

Liu Jian

刘健

In the aftermath of the Tiananmen Massacre, Liu Jian and Liu Zhihua (刘智华), workers at the Xiangtan Electrical Machinery Plant, Hunan Province, participated in a demonstration with some other 1,000 workers from the factory against the crackdown. A worker was seriously injured by a security guard in the action, the demonstrators then allegedly ransacked the home of the security section chief. Afterwards, Liu Jian and Liu Zhihua were sentenced to life imprisonment in either August or October 1989 on charges of “hooliganism” and “intentional injury.” No evidence of the alleged violence has been public. Their colleagues, Chen Gang (陈刚) and Peng Shi (彭实), also received life sentences for their involvement in the same protest, but the sentences were later reduced. Both Chen and Peng were reportedly released in 2004. Liu Jian is apparently the only one of the four detained Xiangtan Electrical Machinery Plant workers who has still not had his life prison term reduced to a fixed-term sentence. In May 2009, Dui Hua noted that Liu was believed to be incarcerated but that he was no longer "imprisoned in Hunan Province." On June 1, 2009, Human Rights in China reported that Liu Jian is still in prison, but that his current detention location is unknown.

Liu Jianjun

刘建军

On 28 June 2008 Beijing public security officers detained Liu Jianjun, a railroad worker and labour rights petitioner from Datong, Shanxi Province. On 4 July, Liu was returned to Datong and transferred to local police custody and then formally arrested Liu for “inciting subversion of state power,” a crime under Article 105 of the Criminal Law. Liu is currently detained at the Datong No. 1 Detention Centre. His sentence remains unknown.

Wang Miaogen

王妙根

During the Democracy Movement in 1989, Shanghai Workers Autonomous Federation was formed in May. Wang Miaogen, a manual worker in Shanghai, was a leading member of the independent union. In the aftermath of the Tiananmen Massacre, Wang spent two and a half years in police detention undergoing “re-education through labour” for his involvement in the banned workers’ group. In April 1993, after he committed an act of self-mutilation in front of a Shanghai police station in public protest against having recently been severely beaten up by the police, he was subsequently detained and then forcibly sent to the Shanghai Ankang Mental Hospital, a facility run by the Public Security Bureau to detain and treat mentally ill people. Wang has been held incommunicado at the Shanghai Ankang now for more than 12 years and in custody for more than 16 years. Wang has no fixed release date.

Wang Wenming

黃文明

The workers, numbering around several tens of thousands, have been petitioning the government about benefits after they were laid off from the state-owned Chongqing Grain Group (重庆粮食集团). RFA reported that eight of the workers representatives were held by the authorities on 14 October 2011. Later on, Wang Wenming and Li Benyu, were sentenced to a labour camp for two years. In April 2012, Wang Wenming’s wife stated that her husband has been hospitalized for 3 months. He was weak and could not walk. Yet, he refused to confide in his wife if he was tortured in labour camp.    

Zhou Decai

周德才

According to Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) and RFA, public security officials detained rights defender Zhou Decai in Gushi County, Xinyang City, Henan Province on 28 February 2012, on suspicion of "assembling a crowd to disturb social order." Zhou has advocated and assisted labour and farmers defending their rights since 1990s. He also observed and participated in local village committee elections, and just prior to his detention, he participated in county people's congress elections. However, the trigger factor which led to his arrest was unknown.
Authorities formally arrested him on March 30 and the Gushi County People's Court heard his case on 13 June 2012. On 3 September 2012, court sentenced him to five years in prison. Authorities forbade Zhou's wife to witness his trial.

Zhou Yuanwu

周远武

Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch (Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch) reported that Zhou Yuanwu was given a 1-year-imprisonment in a labour camp in Beijing on 31 October 2012. Zhou Yuanwu was a workers' representative at the Jingchu Brewery in Jingzhou, Hubei, who'd led several protests in defense of the factory workers' rights. He was imprisoned in 2007-2009 for "obstructing public officers in the execution of their duties” after petitioning in Beijing. On the national day of China in 2012, 1 Oct, Zhou attempted to bring petroleum and lighter into the Tiananmen Square. He was sentenced to one year in labour camp for showing no repent for his previous offense and committed crime again.

Zhu Fangming

朱芳鸣

Zhu Fangming was a 28-year-old worker at Xihu Flour Factory in Hengyang City, Hunan Province. In the 1989 Democracy Movement, Zhu was the vice-chairman of the Hengyang City Workers Autonomous Federation. He organized demonstrations and took part in sit-in in front of the municipal government offices. After the bloody crackdown, he allegedly led workers to the municipal Public Security Bureau to demand justice for the victims. He was sentenced in December 1989 by the Hengyang City Intermediate People’s Court to life imprisonment on a charge of “hooliganism”.
I In October 2005, the Chinese government maintained that Zhu "was never punished" for his activities in 1989 and it stated that he is once again working at Xihu Flour Factory. However many groups continue to believe Zhu remains detained and is believed to be still held in Hengyang Prison (Hunan Provincial No.2 Prison).

Meng Han

孟晗

Twelve security guards of the Guangzhou Chinese Medicine University Hospital, namely Meng Han, Ou Guanglong, Ma Qing, He Tao, Hu Zhihui, Gu Dalu, Zhang Ke, Zhong Rujiao, Li Bin, Yang Yanguang, Chen Tao and Zheng Jianfeng, were prosecuted for gathering a crowd to disturb social order.
A group of 126 healthcare workers and security guards, all employed by labour agencies affiliated to the hospital, began to protest the hospital authority in May 2013 and petition the Guangzhou Federation of Trade Unions for labour abuses at the hospital, including failing to provide labour contracts, unequal pay for the same work, unpaid social insurance contributions and overtime payment arrears. Three months later, the hospital agreed to settle the dispute by offering CNY 20,000 to the healthcare workers and signing new contracts with another labour agency. The security guards were excluded from the settlement. On 19 August, 15 security guards climbed up the eaves at the front door of the hospital and protested. Twelve of them were arrested and put under criminal detention the following day. Twelve security guards were subsequently charged by the procuratorate office months later.
A court hearing was held on 20 January 2014, but the ruling has not yet been handed.  

Ou Guanglong

欧光龙

See Meng Han’s case.

Ma Qing

马清

See Meng Han’s case.

He Tao

何涛

See Meng Han’s case.

Hu Zhihui

胡智辉

See Meng Han’s case.

Gu Dalu

古达路

See Meng Han’s case.

Zhang Ke

张科

See Meng Han’s case.

Zhong Rujiao

钟儒蛟

See Meng Han’s case.

Li Bin

李斌

See Meng Han’s case.

Yang Yanguang

杨艳光

See Meng Han’s case.

Chen Tao

陈涛

See Meng Han’s case.

Zheng Jianfeng

郑剑锋

See Meng Han’s case.

Wu Guijun

吴贵军

Wu Guijun, 40, was a worker at Hong Kong-owned Diweixin furniture factory in Shenzhen. The employer planned to relocate the factory to Huizhou where the labour cost is lower. While the employer refused to pay the severance, workers decided to go on strike for three weeks. The workers have also petitioned to the Shenzhen municipal government and federation of trade unions for justice but of no avail. On 23 May 2013, workers marched to the government for intervention for the third time. More than 200 workers were arrested in the action. All the detainees were released days later except Wu Guijun who acted as one of the worker representatives in the strike. As of January 2014, Wu Guijun has been in custody for 8 months. Wu Guijun’s lawyer, Pang Kun, revealed that Wu would be charged with gathering a crowd to disturb social order. The first trial is scheduled on 17 February 2014. 

Xing Shiku

邢世库

Xing Shiku, a former state-owned factory worker, has been arbitrarily detained at the Daowai District Psychiatric Hospital for more than six years according to Chinese Human Rights Defender. In 2006, Xing Shiku petitioned to Harbin City government about corruption and problems related to the privatization of the state-owned company where he formerly worked. In February 2007, Xing went to Beijing to channel his grievances to the central government. He was seized by the Harbin authorities and then detained in a psychiatric facility though the doctors acknowledged that Xing did not have any mental illness. The local authorities also detained Xing’s wife, Zhao Guirong in connection to her petitioning over Xing’s case.

Released Labour Activists

Name

Chinese characters (main name)

Short Summary

Hu Mingjun

胡明君

Hu Mingjun was released on 28 May 2012.
Hu and Wang Sen, both leaders of the Sichuan provincial branch of the banned China Democratic Party (CDP), were detained by police in 2001 after they communicated with striking workers at the Dazhou Steel Mill.
On 18 December 2000, about 1000 workers at the factory organized an action to demand overdue wages. Wang and Hu subsequently contacted with the demonstrating workers. Wang, a resident of Dazhou, was arrested on 30 April 2001 and Hu, a resident of Chengdu, was arrested on 30 May. The two men were initially charged with “incitement to subvert state power” but the charges were then increased to actual “subversion”. In May 2002, at the Dazhou Intermediate People’s Court, Hu was sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment and Wang received a 10-year sentence. 
On 24 June 2010, Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) reported that, since 2006, Hu has entered the prison’s hospital four times seeking medical help because of high blood pressure and heart disease.
Please also read Wang Sen’s case.

Huang Yunmin

黄云敏

Huang Yunmin was released on bail on 11 March 2009 according to Chinese Human Rights Defenders.
Huang had served as a judge within the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and had earlier been in the army in Qinghai Province. When he served in the army, Huang was involved in nuclear testing. A government notice delivered in 2007 stated that dismissed soldiers who were involved in such nuclear test would be given medical examination and benefits for resulting damage to their health. In 2008, Huang led 17 army veterans to the Bureau of Civil Affairs and complained that this notice had not been implemented. The bureau recognized that the notice was applicable to Huang’s group, but they have neither received health examination nor benefits. According to a human rights group, police in Kashgar, XInjiang Uighur Autuomous Regionc (XUAR) detained retired judge Huang in February 2009 after he advocated on behalf of health benefits for army veterans. Huang was later charged under the pretext of unauthorized possession of arms.

Li Shanwen

李善文

According to CHRD, on 17 October 2010, Beijing public security officers detained Li Shanwen, a petitioner from Jiujiang city, Jiangxi province. Li was petitioning the government since 2007, when, according to CHRD, " Li was attacked and beaten following a labour dispute with his employer." On October 17, 2010 as he petitioned over a labour dispute near Tiananmen, the Jiangxi provincial liaison office in Beijing was notified of his activities. On 20 October 2010 Boxun report stated that the Jiangxi liaison officials in Beijing, after receiving the notification, hired "criminals" to "abduct" Li and then held him in a Beijing hotel room for 3 days, where they reportedly abused him physically. When the Jiangxi authorities arrived Beijing, they reportedly told Li that they had spent 8000 RMB to rescue him and the other petitioners in the hotel. Li was released 3 days later.

Li Wuyi

李伍一

According to Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch, on 22 August 22 2010, the Longhui County Public Security Bureau in Shaoyang City, Hunan Province, detained teachers representative Li Wuyi for 15 days, in accordance with Article 23 of the Public Security Administration Punishment Law, for organizing teachers to petition in Beijing.
On 25 September 2010, soon after his release from administrative detention, the Shaoyang Reeducation Through Labour (RTL) Committee ordered Li to serve one year of RTL for "disturbing social order," in accordance with Article 10(5) and Article 13 of the Ministry of Public Security's Trial Measures for Implementation of Reeducation Through Labour.
The report includes the RTL order, dated 8 October 2010, which stated that Li held meetings at his home to organize teachers who lost their jobs as a result of violating family planning policies. The report did not disclose where Li would serve his RTL order.

Lin Shunan

林顺安

According to Dui Hua, Lin Shunan has been released.
Lin was a internet café owner who sought legal advice from Li Jianfeng. His internet café was closed by police after he refused to pay protection money upon the request of the police. He was charged in April 2003 with “subverting state power” for establishing a labour research organization. The organization was believed to be called the “Labour and Employment Research Association”. Members included Lin Shunan, Huang Xiangwei, Li Jianfeng, Lin Shuncheng, Lin Shunhan, Zhan Gongzhen, Zheng Xiaohua, and Lin Chan. They applied for a registration in 2000, but rejected. In January 2001, they were accused of forming an illegal trade union and downloading materials from the internet and compiling them into a book entitled “Labour Association/Labour Union.” Some of the defendants were also accused of stockpiling firearms and training members to shoot out the windows of the office of the court's chief judge. But no evidence to substantiate the latter charges was made public. They were tried on 30 October 2003 by the Sanming Intermediate People’s Court. Lin was sentenced to eight years in prison.
Please also see Li Jianfeng’s case.

Luo Xi

罗茜

According to the RFA, Luo Xi’s sentence has been reduced by 5 months and a half. He was freed in July 2011.
Luo, a resident of Shaoyang City, Hunan Province. Luo was reportedly held in criminal detention upon his return to Shaoyang for taking part in a teachers’ strike in Hunan in December 2008 to demand wages and benefits comparable to those given to civil servants. In late January 2010, Hunan authorities sentenced him to 2 years’ reeducation through labour (RTL) for “disrupting social order.”
During the detention, authorities reportedly forced Luo to work 16 hours per day and only allowed him to sleep 4 hours per night, according to a Boxun article. Tang Jingling, a human rights lawyer who has spoken to Luo’s wife, told NTDTV that the RTL sentence was also related to his involvement with the case of Yang Kuansheng, the former deputy mayor of Wugang City in Hunan Province. Prior to Luo’s arrest, he was assisting the Yangs to seek justice in Beijing; Yang’s family had rejected the local authorities’ conclusion that he committed suicide by jumping out of a building in November 2009.

Miao Wanli

苗万里

CLB reported that Miao Wanli was released on bail in September 2010.
According to the Workers' Forum, authorities in Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, detained Miao, a worker at the Ping Textile Group Factory on 30 May 2010. Workers’ Forum also reported that, on 8 July, Miao was "officially arrested for 'disturbing social order.'" Miao reportedly participated in a strike that began on 11 May, demonstrating against what workers believed to be unfair compensation after the enterprise's restructuring. The Ping Textile Group Factory was formerly a collective enterprise, founded with capital that workers contributed. After three bankruptcy filings and restructuring, manager Zhang Xianshun became the owner. Dissatisfied with the compensation checks, workers stopped production, but authorities violently suppressed the strike. Afterwards, Miao and 28 other workers petitioned o the provincial authorities in Zhengzhou City. Miao was subsequently detained when he returned to Pingdingshan.

Ning Xianhua

宁先华

Ning Xianhua’s imprisonment was due in
December 2015. He was released on 15 December 2010, early than expected.
Ning Xianhua was sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment on 16 September 2004 by the Shenyang Intermediate People’s Court. Ning’s colleague and co-defendant at the trial, Kong Youping was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. Both Ning and Kong were charged with “subversion of state power” for their attempt to organizing an independent trade union.

Wang Sen

王森

According to Dui Hua Foundation, Wang Sen was granted a 10-month sentence reduction and was released on 2 July 2010.
Wang and Hu Mingjun, both leaders of the Sichuan provincial branch of the banned China Democratic Party (CDP), were detained by police in 2001 after they communicated with striking workers at the Dazhou Steel Mill.
On 18 December 2000, about 1000 workers at the factory organized an action to demand overdue wages. Wang and Hu subsequently contacted with the demonstrating workers. Wang, a resident of Dazhou, was arrested on 30 April 2001 and Hu, a resident of Chengdu, was arrested on 30 May. The two men were initially charged with “incitement to subvert state power” but the charges were then increased to actual “subversion”. In May 2002, at the Dazhou Intermediate People’s Court, Hu was sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment and Wang received a 10-year sentence. 
During Wang’s imprisonment, he was beaten by the guards for at least 5 times. He suffered from diabetes and his eyesight was deteriorating. Family visits and letters are denied. 

Xue Mingkai

薛明凯

Xue Mingkai was released in 2011 after serving a 1.5-years’ imprisonment.
Xue, a 20-year old factory security guard. On 8 February 2010, the Shenzhen Intermediate People's Court sentenced Xue Mingkai to 18 months in prison on charges of "subversion of state power." Public security bureau personnel in Bao'an District, Shenzhen Municipality, detained Xue on 9 May 2009 and the procuratorate issued an arrest warrant on June 15. Authorities claimed Xue has joined the overseas China Democracy Party (CDP) in 2009 and had recruited other individuals to become members. In addition, authorities alleged that Xue planned to organize a "China Democratic Workers' Party" online in 2006. It was reported that Xue did not carry out plans to organize the party. According to his mother, court did not acknowledge medical records showing that Xue had mental illness. However, the court accepted two court-ordered psychological evaluations conducted after his detention alleging Xue had no mental illness during the period when he committed the crime.
After the release, Xue was once again charged with subversion of state power and was sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment in 2012 for spreading the news of jasmine revolution and investigating a murder case.

Yang Chunlin

杨春林

Yang Chunlin was released on 6 July 2012, the same date that his sentence was due.
Yang was a former SOE worker from Jiamusi City, Heilongjiang Province. Prior to the Beijing Olympics,
Yang was believed to have been arrested for collecting signatures to endorse an open letter entitled “We Want Human Rights, not the Olympics” in villages where he had been helping farmers dealing with land disputes in the first half of 2007.
Yang was detained on 6 July 2007 and arrested on suspicion of "subversion of state power” in August. Yang’s arrest was apparently ordered by the Ministry of Public Security in Beijing. The letter was reportedly signed by more than 10,000 people, mostly Heilongjiang farmers who were victims of land confiscation in sympathy with the evicted farmers in cities where corrupt officials used the Olympics as an excuse to grab land while providing inadequate compensation.
Wang Guilin and Yu Changwu, were also sentenced in the same case. Yang was sentenced to five years in prison on 24 March 2008. After the closing of the Olympics, the Heilongjiang Higher People’s Court rejected Yang’s appeal. Yang had been beaten with an electric rod on at least two occasions.

Yuan Xianchen

袁显臣

RFA reported that Yuan Xianchen was released on 28 May 2012 after serving a 4-year’s imprisonment.
Public security officials in Jixi City, Heilongjiang province, detained Yuan on 28 May 2008, and formally charged him in July with “subversion of state power”. It is believed that Yuan’s arrest may be linked to his work with land rights activist Yang Chunlin (see above). In his article written in March 2008, Yuan called for state-owned enterprises to respect labour rights and criticized both the local government and the State Council. Yuan, 44, self-studied law and also worked as a legal advisor to workers at Didao Mine, Jixi City who have been seeking compensation from the local government and the mine management since the former state-owned business was re-structured and became a private enterprise. His wife, Zhang, was arrested at the same time, first on suspicion of “disturbing social order”, then “inciting subversion of state power”. Zhang was later released. Yuan was sentenced to four years in prison in spring of 2009.

Zhao Dongmin

赵东民

Zhao Dongmin was released on 27 January 2011 according to RFA.
The Xi'an Municipal Xincheng District People's Court in Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, sentenced worker rights defender and lawyer Zhao to three years' imprisonment on 19 October 2010, for "mobilizing the masses to disrupt social order," according to a statement, dated October 27 2010, released by Zhao's lawyer. Before the ruling is handed, Zhao has been in detention since 19 August 2009, when authorities in Xi'an detained Zhao from his home according to RFA. Zhao reportedly formed a study group in April 2009 consisting of about 20 labour activists to represent the interests of about 300 workers. Zhao then applied to the Shaanxi Provincial trade union to have his group officially registered. He also went to Beijing and submitted a letter making the same request to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions.

Zuo Xiaohuan

左小环

64 Tianwang reported that Zuo Xiaohuan was released on 11 November 2011 after 1.5 years’ imprisonment.
According to Dui Hua, RFA, and CHRD, Zuo, a human rights defender, a Charter 08 signatory, and a former volunteer at 64 Tianwang, from Santai County, Mianyang City, Sichuan Province, was detained by Santai PSB on 26 April 2010 on suspicion of “subversion of state power”. The Mianyang PSB formally arrested Zuo on 28 May on charges of “inciting subversion of state power”.
According to reports, Zuo may have been arrested because he had helped private-school teachers, who had staged demonstrations, to strive for their employment rights, had given interviews to overseas media. In addition, he was believed had published articles containing criticism towards government policy. Zuo previously served a year in prison for his participation in Democracy Movement in 1989, and was sentenced to two years of RTL in 2006 for “inciting subversion of state power”. In 2006, authorities accused him of being a member of the outlawed Union of Chinese Nationalists (Zhongguo Fanlan Lianmeng). He had nominated himself to run for the local people’s congress and had spread pro-democracy materials on a school campus while he was a teacher.

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