China in Africa
- Companies: Chinese have invested in 85 registered enterprises in Tanzania, including eight fully-fledged Sino-Tanzanian joint ventures. Following companies are working in the construction sector:
- CADASP Tanzania Ltd.
- China Civil Engineering and Construction Corporation
- China Geo-Engineering Corporation
- China Henan International Cooperation Group
- China Huashi Enterprises Corporation
- China Railway Jiangchang Engineering Co. Tanzania
- China Road and Bridge Corporation Ltd.
- China Sichuan International Cooperation Co. Ltd.
- MCC 20 – Hainan International Ltd.
- Yuetan Engineering and Construction Ltd.
- China Jiangsu International Economic-Technical
- Corporation East African Company Ltd.
- Sinohydro Ltd.
- Beijing Engineering
- China Chongqing International Construction
- Fourteen of the 31 currently registered foreign construction companies in Tanzania are Chinese. These are all state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
Chinese companies operating in the Tanzanian construction industry were found to pay low salaries. Despite widespread reports of companies paying below the basic minimum wage of TZSh 48,000 (US$38) per month, none were identified in this study. While some local companies also pay the basic minimum wage, the majority apparently pay 10-20 percent higher with the European and South African companies paying substantially more. Chinese engineers are paid approximately 10 percent of the salaries their counterparts working for Western-based firms receive. A number of Chinese companies were reported to maintain labourers on a casual basis and pay workers daily to avoid labour law obligations. (November 2006, China’s Interest and Activity in Africa’s Construction and Infrastructure Sectors, Centre for Chinese Studies Stellenbosch University)
Click here for the ITUC's Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights.